Temple of Bewal

 “This was the square enclosure which was put to fire and They were jumping into the same fire.. all of them..very few would have survived though I vividly remember none did” ; 80 year old Hajrah remembers events of the 1947 partition in Potohari dialect as we stand in the enclosure of the Vishnu Temple of Bewal.  Bewal is a small eastern town of the Tehsil  GujurKhan and housed a major population of Sikhs and Hindus pre partition. Some believe it was named after Alexander The Great’s horse Bucefalus which was killed during a furious fight. However, this claim is historically not proved; the known fact is only this that this town was a predominantly a Non Muslim town with vast agricultural lands owned by Hindus and Sikhs.  In the middle of the town stands a small structure covering 12 Marla land as  the town‘s only surviving Temple.  The Temple is in possession of Hindu Auqaaf department which has apparently shown no interest in restoring this edifice of the past. The temple s adjacent enclosure has been given on rent by the department to a Kashmiri migrant family which uses it as a Barn.

Bewal s Temple

Bewal s Temple

Bewal s Temple

A side view of the Temple

The temple is a strong structure made of lime stone and has a square enclosure with a conical minaret. The top of the minaret once had round copper balls gone since long. Local residents claim that it has been hit by lightening twice since the fire of 1947 roits and its blackish charred outside state is a result of the recurrent fires. The arched small entrance of the temple comes by climbing a small staircase. The interior walls are decorated with colorful paintings from the scenes of Maha Baharat. The temple as the most temples in this part of Indian Sub continent , is dedicated to Hindu God Vishnu and its Avatars.  In Hindu mythology Vishnu is the preserver of life. To save earth, he incarnated himself many times, as a fish, a tortoise, a boar, Raama, Krishna, and in some beliefs as Buddha. The Interior of the temple is although in a bad state due to the neglect but its sad beauty still captivate one s heart and eyes. On the west wall a series of paintings depict the images of Krishna s Ras Leela.

Goddess of shakti ,wife of Krishna, Radha followed by a peacock

Goddess of  wealth and Love ,wife of Krishna, Radha followed by a peacock

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Sheranwali Goddess Durga seated on a Loin

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Krishana with Gopis ( Milk maids)

Krishna with Radha and Gopis (milk maids)

Krishna with Radha and Gopis (milk maids)

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The extreme right arch depicts the fish Avatar  Matsya of Vishnu

According to Hindu mythology, Vishnu took the form of a fish to save humankind from a flood in the earliest period of creation like Noah who built an ark to save all species drowning in the flood that most scriptures tell about

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Lord Ram asks Hanuman if he requires a reward for his services to which he replied just you both (Lord Ram and Sita) and then Hanuman tears apart his chest

The whole inner sanctum of the temple is painted with gay colours in fresco style of painting which gives them a freshness and vividness despite sheer neglect of decades.

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Painted arches around the inner walls of the temple

Krishna is worshipped with his consort Raadhaa and arches of the temple depicts the same.

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Arches that kept deities of Krishna and Raadha  

The  internal dome of the temple is round  and is embellished with paintings of the dancing Gopis and Peacocks; peacock being the sacred bird in Hindu mythology and is the National bird of the India. The inside of the dome is almost diminished but the lower line of fresco paintings is still somewhat visible.

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Inner Dome of the Temple

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Fresco paintings of dancing Gopis on the temple dome

The temple was repaired from time to time and in 1932 some lively youth inscribed his name on a cement leaf outside the temple.

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1932 s inscription

Any place of worship is a labour of love by its followers. Tourism can be promoted by restoring these symbols of toil and religious affection of minority communities of Pakistan. Restoring such edifices can improve manyfolds the image and economic earnings in terms of tourism.

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About quratulain16

A wanderer in soul and body
This entry was posted in Culture & History and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

9 Responses to Temple of Bewal

  1. Inder K. says:

    Impressive. Rare Collection. I’m amazed that you have developed a good taste and love for Hindu heritage. Live Long. Cheers Ma’am.

  2. Tausif Gurchani says:

    Nice work

  3. Muhammad faheem wali says:

    I am really impressed by the efforts u have put in to search out forgotten sites that r part of the civilisation and culture as existed at some period of time.We should make conjoint efforts to force the concerned departments to make arrangements for preserving the same

  4. N. A. Afridi says:

    It is a great effort indeed. however, it will be difficult to restore it.

  5. MasudAkhtar says:

    Please let me have more of your collection and research.

    • quratulain16 says:

      collection as in how?

      • Arif says:

        it’s amazing and a well appreciated effort not only to discover the traces of history, but a great work to depict the Fresco in this post. Surprised to know that this rare pieces of ancient art do exist in Gujar Khan; certainly requires attention from the archaeologists and artists.
        This form of murals and wall painting i.e. Fresco as as old the history of art , its belived that this art is arround 30,000 year old but known traces of fresco with developed techniques of fresco painting on wet plaster ages back to 1500 BC in Greece ( island of Crete) and further developed by the Romans and somewhat French in middle ages. Ruins of Pompei age back to 2000 years, reflect the glory of this type of Art. In India, we can find the earliest traces of fresco in Ajnata caves as old as 500-600 BC. Later, Mughal era also promoted fresco in few buildings constructed during that period.
        But discovering and highlighting, the paintings in the temple, by blogger should be complimented with an attention by the archaeology department!

      • quratulain16 says:

        wow…amazing addition to my knowledge..i will definitely involve archealogy department

  6. Rizwan says:

    very impressive. Effort must be appreciated. the interior still looks fascinating and the writeup encompassing hindu mythology equally interesting. Great work.

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